The Muntu Institute will organize on Wednesday November 29, 2017 from 3 pm. to 6 pm. a dissemination conference on institutionalized violence and crime in postcolonial Equatorial Guinea. The aim of this conference is to present the findings of a field research made by Delmas Tsafack in Spain and Equatorial Guinea from July to November 2017.
Delmas Tsafack, Program Officer and Researcher (International Relations and History) at the Muntu Institute is a grantee of the 2017 Individual Research Grants cohort of the African Peacebuilding Network (APN) of the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) of New York. From July to November, 2017 he has been searching on state violence in Equatorial Guinea. The conference aims to present the findings of this research. The presentation is entitled: “Institutionalized violence and crime in postcolonial Equatorial Guinea”. The panel will be composed of:
- Chair: Dr Claude Bekombo Jabea, Program Director, The Muntu Institute
- Discussants: Prof. Ibrahim Mouiche, Professor (University of Yaounde 2) and Dr Mireille Manga Edimo, Senior Lecturer, International Relations Institute of Cameroon (IRIC)
Institutionalized Violence and Crime in Postcolonial Equatorial Guinea
Violence and crime are the two major socio-political phenomena that have accompanied the dynamics of political life in Equatorial Guinea since Macías Nguéma. In this country which experienced the dictatorship of the Nguéma family, violence is an established system. Within a wide range of social sciences disciplines, scholars such as Max Liniger-Goumaz, Alejandro Artucio, Alejandra Mahiques Nunez, Cynthia Caden, Carrión-Mège Yamily and I have focused on the dictatorial regime of Macías Nguéma. However, none of these works have addressed the central question of institutionalized violence in a deep manner in Equatorial Guinea. Despite researchers have published excellent work on the dictatorship of Macías Nguéma in Equatorial Guinea they did not emphasize on the causes, the factors and the intensity of violence and quality of killed people. The history of institutionalized violence, crime and political oppression in Equatorial Guinea is not yet revealed and is unrecognized by many social scientists. This study whose ambition is to fill this gap tries to enlighten the opinion on one of the forgotten dictatorship and hidden part of the history of political oppression in Equatorial Guinea. This paper aims to research on political violence, crime and genocide caused to the population of Equatorial Guinea by state actors from 1968 to date.
There is a general consensus both in academia and outside on the fact that Equatorial Guinea disappeared from social scientists research agenda until the exploration and exploitation of oil in the country. Consequently, there is a lack or an absence of scholarly publications on the institutionalized violence and crime in Equatorial Guinea since independence (1968). This leads to the main research question on why and how has the government institutionalized violence, crime and mass killing in Equatorial Guinea since 1968?
In order to answer this research question, we also need to know how the military and other state’s institutions were/are used to perpetrate political repression and crime in Equatorial Guinea. We also need to know the type of persons who were/are persecuted. We used several methods of data collection and used both a qualitative and quantitative methodology to implement the content analysis. Archival research was at the heart of this study. In addition, we used interviews, direct observation and documents analysis. Witnesses of the terror regime and former prisoners (and/or relatives) of Macías Nguéma who are still alive were also a sample of the study. This paper is divided into two sections. The first section analyzes the causes of institutionalized violence and crime in Equatorial Guinea and the second presents the instruments of violence and crime in postcolonial Equatorial Guinea.
Keywords: Institutionalized violence and crime, Equatorial Guinea, Macias Nguéma, Obiang Nguéma.